ValueError : I/O operation on closed file

import csv    

with open('v.csv', 'w') as csvfile:
    cwriter = csv.writer(csvfile, delimiter=' ', quotechar='|', quoting=csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL)

for w, c in p.items():
    cwriter.writerow(w + c)

Here, p is a dictionary, w and c both are strings.

When I try to write to the file it reports the error:

ValueError: I/O operation on closed file.

3 Answers

Indent correctly; your for statement should be inside the with block:

import csv    

with open('v.csv', 'w') as csvfile:
    cwriter = csv.writer(csvfile, delimiter=' ', quotechar='|', quoting=csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL)

    for w, c in p.items():
        cwriter.writerow(w + c)

Outside the with block, the file is closed.

>>> with open('/tmp/1', 'w') as f:
...     print(f.closed)
... 
False
>>> print(f.closed)
True

Same error can raise by mixing: tabs + spaces.

with open('/foo', 'w') as f:
 (spaces OR  tab) print f       <-- success
 (spaces AND tab) print f       <-- fail

I was getting this exception when debugging in PyCharm, given that no breakpoint was being hit. To prevent it, I added a breakpoint just after the with block, and then it stopped happening.

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