The Old Man and the Sea is a short novel written in Cuba by Ernest Hemingway in 1951 and published in 1952. It is the last fictional short story written by Hemingway (and published while he was still alive). This is also a famous work and one of the peaks in the writer’s writing career. This work won the Pulitzer Prize for work of fiction in 1953. It also made an important contribution for the writer to receive the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954.
In this work he thoroughly used the principle that he called “the iceberg”, describing only three floating parts remaining seven parts sinking, when describing the strength of the fish, the difference in force, about unequal battle between ferocious fish and old man. The work praises people, their labor force and their aspirations.
The story revolves around the wobbly and arduous life of a Cuban old man, Santiago, who tried to fight for three days and nights with a giant swordfish in the Great Well when he caught it. On the third day, he stabbed the fish with his spear, tied it to the side of the boat and brought it back, but the sharks caught the scent of the fish he caught, so he rushed over. with all his might against sharks, javelins and even use paddle to fight. In the end he killed quite a few of them and chased them away, but when he finally got ashore and looked back, his swordfish had had its flesh cut off and was left with only a white skeleton left.