Details about Atlas of Minimally Invasive Techniques in Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
Atlas of Minimally Invasive Techniques in Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery PDF free download – Surgeons have in the past decades demonstrated major progress in improving surgery. We have seen diagnostic invasive procedures replaced by a variety of imaging techniques providing high-resolution insight in the anatomical aspects of the disease, thereby allowing surgical teams to refne their surgical indications and approaches. Based on this better imaging we have seen the development of endoscopic treatments in early cancers, but also image-guided percutaneous placement of stents or drains for relieving obstructions or fuid collections that impede the recovery of patients. And fnally, we have seen large abdominal incisions and extensive resections with huge blood losses replaced by minimal incisions and gentle dissection with minimal blood loss, thus allowing patients to ambulate very early after surgery and reassume their activities within days instead of long postoperative stays in the hospital. Moreover the fast track concepts have broken the conservative ideas of perioperative treatments, making the process of every surgical intervention a piece of objectiveness based on evidence.