Currently, we are witnessing the most fantastic technological developments. Newer technologies appear at a fast pace, impacting our daily lives positively. For example, with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, IT technologies have brought solutions to work remotely. What’s more, other technologies allow you to create a pleasant and ergonomic work environment at home.
For instance, thanks to robotics, you can build your own standing desk so you can stand for some hours while you work. Such a project does not require special technical skills from you. In the same vein, you can automate the lights of your home office and many more things. However, the benefits of technology are not for your home office only. All aspects of our daily lives improve thanks to technological innovations. Therefore, in this article, we survey the emerging technologies that are causing the biggest impact on our societies. These technology trends are:
- Robotic Process Automation (RPA);
- Artificial Intelligence (AI);
- Quantum Computing;
- Virtual Reality (VR)/Augmented Reality (AR);
- Internet of Things (IoT);
- Mobile Communications;
Let us describe each technology briefly. In some cases, we give simple examples of how each technology helps to improve our life routines.
1. Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
When we hear the word “robot,” we usually think of automated machines. However, Robotic Process Automation (RPA) refers to the use of software to streamline business processes. Some tasks are somehow monotonous: processing transactions, replying to frequently asked questions, and others. In these cases, a program can do the job of a person effectively.
2. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been around for several years. However, this technology is still relevant because of the tremendous impacts it has on our daily lives. We find AI in applications like personal assistants on smartphones, navigators, and many more gadgets.
AI algorithms can analyze data and find underlying connections and interactions. The applications for such algorithms are endless. For example, marketing agencies can apply AI to analyze data sets to determine customer behavior patterns. With such information, marketing professionals can create targeted ads.
3. Quantum Computing
Quantum computing is a new technology that aims at developing high-speed computers by using principles of quantum mechanics. Phenomena like quantum entanglement and superposition can enable the creation of extremely fast computers. With quantum computers, we will be able to solve very complex problems. Some quantum computing applications include the development of drugs in pharmaceutics, banking and finance, and many more.
4. Virtual Reality (VR)/Augmented Reality (AR)
One of the most fantastic technological achievements is the creation of environments that don’t exist in reality. What’s more, technology can immerse you in one of those environments. That’s virtual reality (VR). This technology has been used primarily for gaming. However, other fields have benefited from it. For example, VR can be used to train pilots, surgeons, and many other professionals. For its side, augmented reality (AR) is a related technology that enhances our reality. This technology can be used to display additional information to drivers or to enhance museum tours.
Who hasn’t heard about Bitcoin? In the last few years, cryptocurrencies have become a trending topic. Some experts have called them the “money of the future.” The technology that makes possible the existence of these digital coins is blockchain. It consists of a software system that allows users to add information, but not to change or alter the information already recorded. The information is added in blocks of data, which form a chain of blocks. That’s why the name.
Blockchain has many potential applications in finances. However, other areas dealing with secure data management can find blockchain technology useful.
6. Internet of Things (IoT)
Imagine a world in which everything is connected to the Internet. That would be fantastic, wouldn’t it? Well, the Internet of Things (IoT) will make it possible. The IoT paradigm will allow objects and appliances to connect to the Internet and communicate with each other. As with other technologies described above, the possible applications are endless. Imagine your refrigerator is connected to the Internet. Through several sensors, it could detect items that you need to replenish. Then, using automated communication protocols, it can send a buying order to the supermarket. Your products will be delivered to your door shortly after.
7. Mobile Communications
Mobile communications revolutionized our lives since the creation of the first cell phones. However, the so-called 3G and 4G systems were significant advancements. They enabled web browsing on mobile devices. Now, the rollout of 5G systems will bring even more advanced services. Users will enjoy apps with VR/AR, cloud-based services, and many more things. Engineers are already developing the technology for 6G systems.
One may think that cyber-security is not exactly a new technology. After all, cyber-security has existed since the first viruses and Internet threats appeared. However, this technology is constantly evolving together with Internet and computer technologies.
Author: Hayley Mann is a technology enthusiast specializing in automation methods of ergonomics devices. Her engineering background helps her to create interesting articles on technical topics, making them understandable for all readers.