json parsing error syntax error unexpected end of input

I got the following piece of code

function pushJsonData(productName) {
    $.ajax({
        url: "/knockout/SaveProduct",
        type: "POST",
        contentType: "application/json",
        dataType: "json",
        data: " { "Name" : "AA" } ",
        async: false,
        success: function () {
            loadJsonData();   
        },
        error: function (jqXHR, textStatus, errorThrown) {
          alert(textStatus + " in pushJsonData: " + errorThrown + " " + jqXHR);
        }
    });
}

Notice that I hard coded the data value. The data get pushed into the database fine. However, I keep getting the error “parsing error syntax error unexpected end of input”. I am sure my data is in correct JSON syntax. When I checked with on Network of Chrome inspector the saveProduct request showed the data is correct.

{ "Name": "AA" }

This POST request did not have response. So I am clueless as to where the parse error was coming from. I tried using FireFox browser. the same thing happened.

Can anyone give some idea as to what is wrong?

Thanks,

P.S. Here is the controller code

namespace MvcApplJSON.Controllers
{
    public class KnockoutController : Controller
    {
        //
        // GET: /Knockout/

        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpGet]
        public JsonResult GetProductList()
        {
            var model = new List<Product>();
            try
            {
                using (var db = new KOEntities())
                {
                    var product = from p in db.Products orderby p.Name select p;
                    model = product.ToList();
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            { throw ex; }
            return Json(model, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
        }
        [HttpPost]
        public void SaveProduct (Product product)
        {
            using (var db = new KOEntities())
            {
                db.Products.Add(new Product { Name = product.Name, DateCreated = DateTime.Now });
                db.SaveChanges();
            }
        }
    }
}

10 Answers

I can’t say for sure what the problem is. Could be some bad character, could be the spaces you have left at the beginning and at the end, no idea.

Anyway, you shouldn’t hardcode your JSON as strings as you have done. Instead the proper way to send JSON data to the server is to use a JSON serializer:

data: JSON.stringify({ name : "AA" }),

Now on the server also make sure that you have the proper view model expecting to receive this input:

public class UserViewModel
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
}

and the corresponding action:

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult SaveProduct(UserViewModel model)
{
    ...
}

Now there’s one more thing. You have specified dataType: 'json'. This means that you expect that the server will return a JSON result. The controller action must return JSON. If your controller action returns a view this could explain the error you are getting. It’s when jQuery attempts to parse the response from the server:

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult SaveProduct(UserViewModel model)
{
    ...
    return Json(new { Foo = "bar" });
}

This being said, in most cases, usually you don’t need to set the dataType property when making AJAX request to an ASP.NET MVC controller action. The reason for this is because when you return some specific ActionResult (such as a ViewResult or a JsonResult), the framework will automatically set the correct Content-Type response HTTP header. jQuery will then use this header to parse the response and feed it as parameter to the success callback already parsed.

I suspect that the problem you are having here is that your server didn’t return valid JSON. It either returned some ViewResult or a PartialViewResult, or you tried to manually craft some broken JSON in your controller action (which obviously you should never be doing but using the JsonResult instead).

One more thing that I just noticed:

async: false,

Please, avoid setting this attribute to false. If you set this attribute to false you are are freezing the client browser during the entire execution of the request. You could just make a normal request in this case. If you want to use AJAX, start thinking in terms of asynchronous events and callbacks.

I was using a Node http request and listening for the data event. This event only puts the data into a buffer temporarily, and so a complete JSON is not available. To fix, each data event must be appended to a variable. Might help someone (http://nodejs.org/api/http.html).

Don’t Return Empty Json

In My Case I was returning Empty Json String in .Net Core Web API Project.

So I Changed My Code

From

 return Ok();

To

 return Ok("Done");

It seems you have to return some string or object.

Hope this helps.

For me the issue was due to single quotes for the name/value pair… data: “{‘Name’:’AA’}”

Once I changed it to double quotes for the name/value pair it works fine… data: ‘{“Name”:”AA”}’ or like this… data: “{“Name”:”AA”}”

May be it will be useful.

The method parameter name should be the same like it has JSON

It will work fine

C#

public ActionResult GetMTypes(int id)

JS

 var params = { id: modelId  };
                 var url = '@Url.Action("GetMTypes", "MaintenanceTypes")';
                 $.ajax({
                     type: "POST",
                     url: url,
                     contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
                     dataType: "json",
                     data: JSON.stringify(params),

It will NOT work fine

C#

public ActionResult GetMTypes(int modelId)

JS

 var params = { id: modelId  };
                 var url = '@Url.Action("GetMTypes", "MaintenanceTypes")';
                 $.ajax({
                     type: "POST",
                     url: url,
                     contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
                     dataType: "json",
                     data: JSON.stringify(params),

Unexpected end of input means that the parser has ended prematurely. For example, it might be expecting "abcd...wxyz" but only sees "abcd...wxy.

This can be a typo error somewhere, or it could be a problem you get when encodings are mixed across different parts of the application.

One example: consider you are receiving data from a native app using chrome.runtime.sendNativeMessage:

chrome.runtime.sendNativeMessage('appname', {toJSON:()=>{return msg}}, (data)=>{
    console.log(data);
});

Now before your callback is called, the browser would attempt to parse the message using JSON.parse which can give you “unexpected end of input” errors if the supplied byte length does not match the data.

I did this in Node JS and it solved this problem:

var data = JSON.parse(Buffer.concat(arr).toString());

spoiler: possible Server Side Problem

Here is what i’ve found, my code expected the responce from my server, when the server returned just 200 code, it wasnt enough herefrom json parser thrown the error error unexpected end of input

fetch(url, {
        method: 'POST',
        body: JSON.stringify(json),
        headers: {
          'Content-Type': 'application/json'
        }
      })
        .then(res => res.json()) // here is my code waites the responce from the server
        .then((res) => {
          toastr.success('Created Type is sent successfully');
        })
        .catch(err => {
          console.log('Type send failed', err);
          toastr.warning('Type send failed');
        })

I’ve had the same error parsing a string containing n into JSON. The solution was to use string.replace('n','\n')

This error occurs on an empty JSON file reading.

To avoid this error in NodeJS I’m checking the file’s size:

const { size } = fs.statSync(JSON_FILE);
const content = size ? JSON.parse(fs.readFileSync(JSON_FILE)) : DEFAULT_VALUE;

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