JQuery – $ is not defined

I have a simple jquery click event

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(function() {
        $('#post').click(function() {

and a jquery reference defined in the site.master

<script src="<%=ResolveUrl("~/Scripts/jquery-1.3.2.js")%>" type="text/javascript"></script>

I have checked that the script is being resolved correctly, I’m able to see the markup and view the script directly in firebug, so I must be being found. However, I am still getting:

$ is not defined

and none of the jquery works. I’ve also tried the various variations of this like $(document).ready and jQuery etc.

It’s an MVC 2 app on .net 3.5, I’m sure I’m being really dense, everywhere on google says to check the file is referenced correctly, which I have checked and checked again, please advise! :/

33 Answers

That error can only be caused by one of three things:

  1. Your JavaScript file is not being properly loaded into your page
  2. You have a botched version of jQuery. This could happen because someone edited the core file, or a plugin may have overwritten the $ variable.
  3. You have JavaScript running before the page is fully loaded, and as such, before jQuery is fully loaded.

First of all, ensure, what script is call properly, it should looks like

<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.1/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

and shouldn’t have attributes async or defer.

Then you should check the Firebug net panel to see if the file is actually being loaded properly. If not, it will be highlighted red and will say “404” beside it. If the file is loading properly, that means that the issue is number 2.

Make sure all jQuery javascript code is being run inside a code block such as:

$(document).ready(function () {
  //your code here

This will ensure that your code is being loaded after jQuery has been initialized.

One final thing to check is to make sure that you are not loading any plugins before you load jQuery. Plugins extend the “$” object, so if you load a plugin before loading jQuery core, then you’ll get the error you described.

Note: If you’re loading code which does not require jQuery to run it does not need to be placed inside the jQuery ready handler. That code may be separated using document.readyState.

It could be that you have your script tag called before the jquery script is called.

<script type="text/javascript" src="js/script.js"></script>

<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.1/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

This results as $ is not defined

Put the jquery.js before your script tag and it will work 😉 like so:

<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.1/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

<script type="text/javascript" src="js/script.js"></script>

First you need to make sure that jQuery script is loaded. This could be from a CDN or local on your website. If you don’t load this first before trying to use jQuery it will tell you that jQuery is not defined.

<script src="jquery.min.js"></script>

This could be in the HEAD or in the footer of the page, just make sure you load it before you try to call any other jQuery stuff.

Then you need to use one of the two solutions below

// your standard jquery code goes here with $ prefix
// best used inside a page with inline code, 
// or outside the document ready, enter code here


// standard on load code goes here with $ prefix
// note: the $ is setup inside the anonymous function of the ready command

please be aware that many times $(document).ready(function(){//code here}); will not work.

If the jQuery plugin call is next to the </body>, and your script is loaded before that, you should make your code run after window.onload event, like this:

window.onload = function() {


so, your code will run only after the window load, when all assets have been loaded. In that point, the jQuery ($) will be defined.

If you use that:

$(document).ready(function () {


the $ isn’t yet defined at this time, because it is called before the jQuery is loaded, and your script will fail on that first line on console.

I just did the same thing and found i had a whole lot of


So they were loading, but no further hint as to why it wasn’t working. Needless to say, proper spelling fixed it.

Use a scripts section in the view and master layout.

Put all your scripts defined in your view inside a Scripts section of the view. This way you can have the master layout load this after all other scripts have been loaded. This is the default setup when starting a new MVC5 web project. Not sure about earlier versions.


// The rest of your view code above here.

@section Scripts 
    // Either render the bundle defined with same name in BundleConfig.cs...

    // ...or hard code the HTML.
    <script src="URL-TO-CUSTOM-JS-FILE"></script>

    <script type="text/javascript">
      $(document).ready(function () {

        // Do your custom javascript for this view here. Will be run after 
        // loading all the other scripts.            


    <!-- ... Rest of your layout file here ... -->

    @RenderSection("scripts", required: false)

Note how the scripts section is rendered last in the master layout file.

As stated above, it happens due to the conflict of $ variable.

I resolved this issue by reserving a secondary variable for jQuery with no conflict.

var $j = jQuery.noConflict();

and then use it anywhere

$j( "div" ).hide();

more details can be found here

make sure you really load jquery this is not jquery – it’s the ui!

  <script language="JavaScript" 

This is a correct script source for jquery:

 <script language="JavaScript"  src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.10.0/jquery.min.js"></script>

It means that your jQuery library has not been loaded yet.

You can move your code after pulling jQuery library.

or you can use something like this

window.onload = function(){
  // Your code here

Are you using any other JavaScript libraries? If so, you will probably need to use jQuery in compatibility mode:


after some tests i found a fast solution , you can add in top of your index page:


it work very fine 🙂

I got the same error message when I misspelled the jQuery reference and instead of type="text/javascript" I typed “…javascirpt”. 😉

It sounds like jQuery isn’t loading properly. Which source/version are you using?

Alternatively, it could a be namespace collision, so try using jQuery explicitly instead of using $. If that works, you may like to use noConflict to ensure the other code that’s using $ doesn’t break.

That error means that jQuery has not yet loaded on the page. Using $(document).ready(...) or any variant thereof will do no good, as $ is the jQuery function.

Using window.onload should work here. Note that only one function can be assigned to window.onload. To avoid losing the original onload logic, you can decorate the original function like so:

originalOnload = window.onload;
window.onload = function() {
  if (originalOnload) {

This will execute the function that was originally assigned to window.onload, and then will execute // YOUR JQUERY.

See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decorator_pattern for more detail about the decorator pattern.

I use Url.Content and never have a problem.

<script src="<%= Url.Content ("~/Scripts/jquery-1.4.1.min.js") %>" type="text/javascript"></script>

In the solution it is mentioned – “One final thing to check is to make sure that you are not loading any plugins before you load jQuery. Plugins extend the “$” object, so if you load a plugin before loading jQuery core, then you’ll get the error you described.”

For avoiding this –

Many JavaScript libraries use $ as a function or variable name, just as jQuery does. In jQuery’s case, $ is just an alias for jQuery, so all functionality is available without using $. If we need to use another JavaScript library alongside jQuery, we can return control of $ back to the other library with a call to $.noConflict():

I had this problem once for no apparent reason. It was happenning locally whilst I was running through the aspnet development server. It had been working and I reverted everything to a state where it had previously been working and still it didn’t work. I looked in the chrome debugger and the jquery-1.7.1.min.js had loaded without any problems. It was all very confusing. I still don’t know what the problem was but closing the browser, closing the development server and then trying again sorted it out.

Just place jquery url on the top of your jquery code

like this–

<script src="<%=ResolveUrl("~/Scripts/jquery-1.3.2.js")%>" type="text/javascript"></script>

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(function() {
        $('#post').click(function() {

I had the same problem and it was because my reference to the jQuery.js was not in the tag. Once I switched that, everything started working.


  1. Check the exact path of your jquery file is included.

    <script src="assets/plugins/jquery/jquery.min.js"></script>

if you add this on bottom of your page , please all call JS function below this declaration.

  1. Check using this code test ,

    <script type="text/javascript">
     * Created by dadenew
     * Submit email subscription using ajax
     * Send email address
     * Send controller
     * Recive response
    $(document).ready(function() { //you can replace $ with Jquery
      alert( 'jquery working~!' );


We have the same problem….but accidentally i checked folder properties and set something…

You have to check the properties of each folders that you’re accessing..

  1. right click folder
  2. ‘permissions’ tab
  3. set the folder access : OWNER: create and delete files GROUP: access files OTHERS: access files

I hope that this is the solution……

When using jQuery in asp.net, if you are using a master page and you are loading the jquery source file there, make sure you have the header contentplaceholder after all the jquery script references.

I had a problem where any pages that used that master page would return ‘$ is not defined’ simply because the incorrect order was making the client side code run before the jquery object was created. So make sure you have:

<head runat="server">
    <script type="text/javascript" src="Scripts/jquery-VERSION#.js"></script>
    <asp:ContentPlaceHolder id="Header" runat="server"></asp:ContentPlaceHolder>

That way the code will run in order and you will be able to run jQuery code on the child pages.

In my case I was pointing to Google hosted JQuery. It was included properly, but I was on an HTTPS page and calling it via HTTP. Once I fixed the problem (or allowed insecure content), it fired right up.

After tried everything here with no result, I solved the problem simply by moving the script src tag from body to head

I was having this same problem and couldn’t figure out what was causing it. I recently converted my HTML files from Japanese to UTF-8, but I didn’t do anything with the script files. Somehow jquery-1.10.2.min.js became corrupted in this process (I still have no idea how). Replacing jquery-1.10.2.min.js with the original fixed it.

it appears that if you locate your jquery.js files under the same folder or in some subfolders where your html file is, the Firebug problem is solved. eg if your html is under C:/folder1/, then your js files should be somewhere under C:/folder1/ (or C:/folder1/folder2 etc) as well and addressed accordingly in the html doc. hope this helps.

I have the same issue and no case resolve me the problem. The only thing that works for me, it’s put on the of the Site.master file, the next:

<script src="<%= ResolveUrl("~/Scripts/jquery-1.7.1.min.js") %>" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="<%= ResolveUrl("~/Scripts/bootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js") %>" type="text/javascript"></script>

With src=”<%= ResolveUrl(“”)… the load of jQuery in the Content Pages is correct.

I had a very similar issue. In my C# MVC application, JQuery was not being recognized. I needed to move the @Scripts.Render(“~/bundles/jquery”) from the bottom of my _Layout.cshtml file to the head of the section. Also make sure you have grabbed Jquery as a Nuget package if you are using visual studio!


There is a way to make it automatically load up javascript before the rest of the code runs.

Go into ViewsShared_Layout.html and add the following

  <*@ Omitted code*@>
  <script src="~/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

if script tag has defer attribute it show the error

Uncaught ReferenceError: $ is not defined

and must remove the attribute defer from script tag

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *