Guns, Germs, and Steel explain why Eurasian civilizations (including North Africa) survived, as well as conquered others, at the same time rejecting theories of dominance of Asian civilizations – Europe based on wisdom, morality or genetic predominance. Jared Diamond argues that the power and technology differences between human societies are rooted in environmental differences, in which this difference is magnified unequivocally. Thereby, he explained why Western Europe, not other civilizations in the Eurasian world like China, became the dominant forces.
The purpose of this book is to provide a history of everyone from the past 13,000 years. The question that prompted me to write this book is: why has history played out on every continent? If this question immediately made you shrug that you were about to read a racist essay then, please, that’s not it. As you will see, the answers to this question are great without implying racial differences. This book focuses on finding the ultimate explanation and pushing back as far as possible the chain of historical cause and effect.
Although this book is ultimately about history and prehistory, its subject is not only of academic value, but also of great practical and political importance. The history of interactions between different ethnic groups is what has shaped the modern world through conquest, infectious diseases and genocide. These conflicts create lasting effects that, after centuries, have not ceased to affect, are still actively going on in some of the most problematic areas of the world today.