Details about Diagnosis in Otorhinolaryngology
Diagnosis in Otorhinolaryngology PDF free download – The most common congenital neck mass in children is a thyroglossal duct cyst. Thyroglossal duct cysts are most commonly located below the hyoid bone; however, they may be found anywhere between the base of the tongue and the superior border of the thyroid gland. They move on swallowing and on tongue protrusion. Unless infected they are asymptomatic. The patient only complains about a lump in the neck. Treatment is complete excision of both the cyst and the entire thyroglossal duct up to the foramen cecum at the base of the tongue. Therefore, it is necessary to remove the central portion of the hyoid bone.